About Avianca Holdings S.A.

Avianca Holdings S.A.

Avianca Holdings S.A. is a Panamanian company that represents the integrated operation of several airlines that operate nationally and internationally, for which it acts as the parent company of: Aerovías del Continente Americano S.A. (Avianca) and Tampa Cargo S.A incorporate in Colombia, Aerolíneas Galápagos S.A (AeroGal) incorporated in Ecuador and the TACA Group companies: TACA International Airlines SA, incorporated in El Salvador, Líneas Aéreas Costarricenses S.A. (LACSA) incorporated in Costa Rica, Transmerican Airlines S.A. incorporated in Perú, Servicios Aéreos Nacionales S.A. (SANSA) incorporated in Costa Rica, Aerotaxis La Costeña S.A, incorporated in Nicaragua and Isleña de Inversiones C.A. de C.V. (ISLEÑA) incorporated in Honduras.

Avianca Holdings S.A. holds investments primarily in: passenger airlines, cargo airlines and related activities including tourism, engineering, maintenance and specialized maintenance services.